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  • Writer's pictureMatti Geyer

Mastering Berlin's Public Transport System: A Comprehensive Guide

Updated: 1 day ago

Navigating Berlin's public transportation system may seem daunting at first, but with the right knowledge and tools, you can become a pro at getting around the city efficiently. Whether you're a tourist exploring the vibrant streets or a resident commuting to work, understanding how to use trains, trams, buses, and ride-sharing services is essential. In this guide, we'll break down everything you need to know to conquer Berlin's extensive transit network.


The U-Bahn is mainly underground. You buy tickets and validate them on the platform.


Step 1: Purchasing Tickets

Before embarking on your journey, you'll need to buy a ticket.

  • For ALL Local Public Transit (S-Bahn, U-Bahn, tram, bus, ferry): Buy tickets through various apps like Jelbi, BVG, or VBB, or at ticket machines located at train stations, inside trams, or on buses. ALL public transport is covered by the same ticket.

  • You have a Deutschland Ticket? Then you're covered! The Deutschland Ticket is a convenient monthly subscription pass that provides unlimited access to all public transportation services across Germany for a fixed fee. Priced at 49€ per month, this comprehensive ticket offers flexibility and cost-effectiveness for travelers exploring various cities and regions within the country. With the Deutschland Ticket, commuters and tourists alike can enjoy hassle-free travel on trains, trams, buses, and ferries throughout Germany, making it an ideal choice for frequent travelers and those seeking seamless mobility nationwide.


The S-Bahn is mostly overground. You buy tickets and validate them on the platform.


When buying a ticket, consider the following:

  • Tariff Zones: Berlin is divided into three tariff zones (A, B, and C), with ALL of Berlin falling within zones A and B. You will only need zone C if you visit Potsdam, Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, BER Airport or other places outside of Berlin. Choose the appropriate ticket based on your travel zones.

  • Ticket Duration: Opt for single tickets, short-trip tickets, daily passes, or longer-term passes depending on your travel needs.

    • Single Tickets: Ideal for one-off journeys or occasional travelers, single tickets offer flexibility for a single trip within the designated zones. These tickets are valid for a set duration, usually 2 hours in one direction, allowing you to complete your journey without needing to purchase additional tickets for transfers.

    • Short-Trip Tickets: If you're only traveling a few stops within the city or need a quick ride, short-trip tickets provide a cost-effective option. These tickets are valid for a limited number of stops on trains, trams, or buses, typically around 3 train stops or 6 bus/tram stops.

    • Daily Passes: For travelers planning a full day of exploration or multiple journeys within a single day, daily passes offer unlimited travel within the specified zones for the duration of the day. This option is convenient for tourists or individuals with multiple destinations on their itinerary, allowing unlimited use of public transportation without the hassle of purchasing separate tickets for each trip.

    • Weekly and Monthly Passes: Longer-term passes are suitable for commuters, residents, or individuals staying in Berlin for an extended period. Weekly and monthly passes provide unlimited travel within the designated zones for the respective duration, offering cost savings compared to purchasing individual tickets for each journey. These passes are convenient for regular commuters or individuals who rely on public transport for daily travel, providing hassle-free access to the city's transit network.

    • Tickets for Tourists (with discounts for museums!): The Welcome Card, and the EasyCityPass, are versatile travel passes designed for visitors exploring Berlin. In addition to unlimited rides, the card provide discounts on various attractions, tours, and cultural activities across the city. With flexible options for 48 hours, 72 hours, or longer durations, the Welcome Card/EasyCityPass is an excellent choice for travelers looking to maximize their time in Berlin while saving money on transportation and sightseeing experiences.

  • Ticket Type: Select the standard ticket or any reduced-price tickets based on eligibility criteria such as age or student status.

    • Children: Reduced-price tickets are available for children between the ages of 6 and 15. These tickets allow young travelers to access the public transport system at a discounted rate compared to adult fares. Children under 6 years old typically travel for free when accompanied by a fare-paying adult.

    • Students: Students enrolled in educational institutions may qualify for reduced-price tickets, allowing them to travel at a discounted rate. Student status verification may be required, and specific student ticket programs or passes may be available for regular commuters.

    • Apprentices: Similar to students, apprentices enrolled in vocational training programs may be eligible for reduced-price tickets, providing affordable transportation options for individuals undergoing apprenticeship programs.

    • Dogs: While not a human passenger, dogs accompanying travelers on public transport may also qualify for reduced-price tickets or travel for free under certain conditions, such as being carried in a closed container or meeting specific criteria.

    • Bicycle: Travelers bringing bicycles on public transport may need to purchase a separate bicycle ticket, depending on the ticket type and regulations for bicycle transportation.


Trams run mostly in East Berlin. You buy tickets on the tram, and they are valid automatically


Step 2: Validating Your Ticket

Once you've purchased your ticket, it's essential to validate it before boarding. Look for stamping machines located on train platforms, inside trams, or buses, and stamp your ticket to activate it. Digital tickets purchased through apps are valid immediately after purchase - as are tickets sold on buses. Berlin's public transport system operates on a trust-based system, characterized by the absence of barriers at entrances. However, random ticket inspections are conducted to ensure compliance. It's crucial to validate your ticket before boarding, as failure to do so renders it invalid, akin to not having one at all. The fine is currently 60 Euros.


Trains and announcement boards will always disley the LAST stop of the line, so you know which direction it's heading.


Step 3: Using Public Transport

With a validated ticket in hand, you're ready to explore Berlin using its diverse public transportation options. Remember, whichever ticket you have - it'll cover ALL of these types of public transport:

  • S-Bahn Trains: Operated by Deutsche Bahn, S-Bahn trains cover extensive routes within Berlin and parts of Brandenburg.

  • U-Bahn Trains: BVG-operated U(nderground)-Bahn trains have their own network, providing convenient travel throughout Berlin.

  • Trams: Trams primarily serve the eastern part of the city.

  • Buses: BVG buses operate throughout Berlin, with designated stops and routes.

  • Ferries: A few ferry routes offer scenic transportation across waterways in Berlin.

  • Regional Trains: Beyond the boundaries of Berlin, regional trains offer connectivity to Brandenburg and various parts of Germany. These Regio trains, comprising express lines denoted by RE (such as RE1, RE2, etc.) and other lines labeled RB (like RB10, RB49, etc.), facilitate travel to neighboring regions. Additionally, the FEX line provides a direct link to the Berlin Brandenburg Airport (BER), ensuring convenient access to air travel for commuters and travelers alike.

For seamless navigation, utilize navigation apps like Google Maps or BVG Fahrinfo to plan your routes. You can find all network maps here: https://www.bvg.de/en/connections/network-maps-and-routes


Busses run all over Berlin. You buy your tickets from the driver, and they will be valid automatically


You can always book a taxi:

If public transportation isn't the right fit for your needs, consider using a taxi service. Berlin is home to various taxi apps, including Uber, which offer quick and reliable transportation options at your fingertips. Freenow is another popular app. Simply download the app, request a ride, and you'll be on your way to your destination in no time. Additionally, other taxi apps and standard taxi services are readily available throughout the city, providing alternative options for travelers seeking comfortable and convenient transportation solutions. So, if public transit isn't for you, rest assured that taxi services in Berlin offer a convenient and accessible way to navigate the city.


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